The basic components of an air conditioner are an evaporator coil, a compressor, a condenser coil, and a refrigerant. The evaporator coil is located inside the room and is responsible for absorbing heat from the air. The compressor then compresses the refrigerant, which causes it to become very hot. The hot refrigerant then flows to the condenser coil, which is located outside and releases heat to the outside air.
As the refrigerant releases the heat, it cools down and becomes a liquid again. The liquid refrigerant then flows back to the evaporator coil, where the process starts all over again.
The air conditioner also has a fan that blows air over the evaporator coil to cool the air and distribute it throughout the room. The thermostat in the air conditioner controls the temperature by turning the compressor on and off as needed to maintain the desired temperature.
That’s a basic overview of how an air conditioner works!